Kefalonia, Cephalonia, Kefallonia, Kefallinia, Cephalonie or Cefalonia: many names for a unique, charming greek island.
Kefalonia is the largest of the Seven Island (Eptanisa) in the Ionian Sea, its
area measuring approximately 780 sq. kms. It lies opposite the entrance to the gulf of Patras
and at a distance of about 30 kms. from the western shores of the Peloponnese, between the
islands of Ithaca, Zakynthos and Lefkada. Its coastline, which measures approximately 250 kms.
in lenght, is deeply indented, with the bays of Sami and Antisamos to the northeast, the bay
of Myrtos to the northwest, the bay of Argostoli to the west (one of the safest natural harbours in the
Mediterranean), and the bay of Lourdas to the south.
Kefalonia is the most mountainous island of the Ionian sea and its highest peak, that of the Ainos mountain with Agia Dynati next highest (1130m.), rises to 1628 meters. The few plains of the island lie along the western and eastern coasts, where we find the valleys of Kranaia, Omala, Lixouri, Sami, etc. Here grow citrus trees, fruit trees, olive trees, vines and vegetables. A large part of the island is clad in luxuriant forests.
The climate of Kefalonia is temperate with mild winters, relatively cool summers and plenty of sunshine throughout the year.
The prefecture includes Kefalonia, Ithaca and the neighbouring deserted islands. Its capital is Argostoli, its total area measures nearly 940 sq. kms. and its population numbers approximately 32000 inhabitants.